How to stop a migraine attack

Currently, no cure for migraines exist, although there are a number of treatments that help alleviate the symptoms. We'll talk more about them here.

The symptoms of a migraine include a sharp headache, with throbbing pain on one side, a sharp reaction to light and sound, and nausea. If these symptoms are familiar, read to the end and follow our advice.

Take over-the-counter painkillers

These can include paracetamol, aspirin, or ibuprofen. The best way to take over-the-counter painkillers is at the first sign of a migraine attack, as this gives the medication more time to be absorbed into the bloodstream and relieve symptoms. Don't wait for the headache to get worse.

Turn off the lights

Draw your curtains, ventilate your room, ask your loved ones not to make any noise, and relax. Lie down and rest for at least 20 minutes.

Drink caffeine

In small quantities, caffeine by itself may alleviate migraine pain in the early stages or enhance the pain-killing effect of paracetamol and aspirin.

Stay hydrated

According to the American Migraine Foundation, approximately one in three people that experience migraines say dehydration is the cause of their headaches. As soon as you feel a migraine coming on, drink water, and that can help shorten the duration of the attack.

Make a compress

Apply hot or cold compresses to your forehead or neck. Ice packs or a wet towel can dull the sensation of pain. Hot compresses and hot-warming pads can relax any tense muscles. For a similar effect, try a warm shower or bath, too.

Take some ginger

One study found that taking ginger, in addition to regular painkillers, relieved pain in migraine-sufferers in the emergency room. Another study found that ginger worked almost as well as prescription migraine medications. You can use a ginger supplement or brew ginger tea. To do this, mix a teaspoon of grated ginger with a glass of hot water.

Make sure you watch our video about types of headaches:

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