Can hypotension go away? Low blood pressure treatment
We've written a lot about what hypotension is and how to recognize it by its symptoms in one of our articles. Now, we want to talk about how to cope with low blood pressure.
Is it possible to get rid of hypotension forever?
Yes, but you'll need to work on it. It all depends on what type of problem you have. If your hypotension occurs as a result of another condition, also known as secondary hypotension, then you need to start by addressing the root cause. As a result, your hypotension will subside. If your hypotension is primary, meaning, it occurs as its own problem and not as a symptom, it's also possible to overcome it. Below we'll provide you with specific steps to treat low blood pressure. We'll also tell you what changes you need to make to your lifestyle if your hypotension has become chronic.
How to raise low blood pressure immediately
We've made a video on this topic already, and if you find that you're more of a visual learner, then we recommend you watch it.
Let's go more in detail about how to stop a sudden drop in blood pressure.
1. Sit or lie down wherever you are. When lying down, you may want to elevate your legs by placing them on a rolled up towel or some other object. This makes it easier for venous blood to flow through your vessels back to your heart.
2. Drink at least 300 ml of water in small sips. Water makes blood less thick and increases its volume, which makes it easier to pass through dilated blood vessels.
3. Find some fresh air and breathe slowly and deeply. This will help stabilize your heartbeat and calm your emotional state. Try to make sure that you're not hot.
4. Don't drink coffee as it may increase your heart rate. It's best if you drink strong black tea with sugar, which is also high in caffeine. You can come back to coffee when your heart rate settles.
5. Eat something salty, as long as you've drunk water beforehand. Salt stimulates water retention in the body, which means the risk of a blood pressure drop from dehydration will be reduced. If you don't have anything salty on hand, add a 1/2 teaspoon of salt to a glass of water, stir well, and drink.
The most dangerous thing that can occur with a severe drop in blood pressure is inadequate blood supply to the organs. This is called shock. Signs of shock include cold and sweaty skin, rapid breathing, blueish skin, clouding of consciousness, and a weak, rapid pulse. If this happens, be sure to call 911.
How to treat hypotension
Low blood pressure, when it causes no signs or symptoms or only mild symptoms, rarely requires treatment. If you have symptoms caused by low blood pressure, treatment really depends on the root case. For example, when a certain medication causes low blood pressure, treatment usually involves changing or stopping the medicine, or reducing the dose. If you're not sure what's causing your low blood pressure or there is no treatment for it, the best thing to do is to try raising your blood pressure and reduce the signs and symptoms. To do this, you can use the following tips.
10 tips for maintaining your blood pressure levels
- Avoid standing for long periods of time. Over time, blood pools up in your legs, so try to walk or sit down every once in a while.
- Strengthen your calf muscles. This will help maintain vascular tone, and thus make it easier for blood to flow through your veins.
- Wear compression underwear (like stockings). This will improve blood circulation and reduce the build-up of blood in the legs.
- See your doctor and monitor your blood pressure readings at home with a blood pressure monitor.
- Drink plenty of water, especially if you consume caffeine. People with hypotension should never be dehydrated as their blood could thicken.
- Eliminate alcohol. Alcohol makes the weakened walls of blood vessels expand even more in people with hypotension, which leads to lower blood pressure.
- Do not drink more than 3 cups of coffee a day. Excessive caffeine is ineffective and only increases your heart rate.
- Don't skip breakfast. Or better yet, eat more often and in small portions. People with hypotension should never go hungry.
- Strike a balance with your sleep and physical activity every day. Sleep for 8 hours and don't forget to do moderate physical activity.
- Avoid taking hot baths; shower instead. Keep a chair in the bathroom in case you get dizzy and need to sit down.
When should you see a doctor?
Low blood pressure doesn't always mean there's a problem. But if you have low blood pressure symptoms, your doctor can identify the cause. Dizziness, or feeling as if you're about to faint when you stand up from a sitting or lying position, can point to a condition called postural hypotension. A wide range of underlying conditions can also cause low blood pressure symptoms. It's important to determine the cause of your low blood pressure so that you can get the appropriate treatment. Don't forget to occasionally check your blood pressure with a blood pressure monitor.
Here's wishing you a normal blood pressure!